NATIONAL EXIT TEST (NExT)
What is the National Exit Test(NExT)?
National Exit Test (NExT) is one of the common examinations conducted in the final year for undergraduate medical students, to grant the license for practising medicine in India. The license is required for the enrollment of State/National registration. It was introduced in the year 2019 by the National Medical Commission Bill, while NExT avails for the screening test that is conducted for the Foreign Medical Graduates.
Currently, foreign graduates are supposed to qualify for the screening test FMGE (Foreign Medical Graduate Examination) conducted by the Medical Council of India. The implementation for NExT can be expected in December 2021. According to the sources the modalities have been finalized for the NExT exam.
NExT Exam Updates
Recently, the National Medical Commission (NMC) released a draft regarding foreign medical graduates. As per the draft, the medical graduates have to pass the NExT exam within two years of completing the MBBS course in foreign countries. However, the FMGE will be replaced by the NExT exam.
The NExT exam was introduced to improve the health care system of our country. It is a mandatory test for the students wishing to practice medicine from any of the colleges located abroad though approved by the NMC/MCI. The marks scored in this examination will decide the PG admissions in Medical Colleges. Also, the NEET-PG might get replaced by the NExT exam as it is designed to test the skills of medical students.
NExT exam-Key Points
The purpose of this bill to implement the NExt exam is to have a single exit exam for all medical students. While the government implements this law, there shall be only one exam for the medical students completing their degree, PG entrance, license to practice medicine. Below is the table that provides the highlights of the exam.
|Name of the exam||National Exit Test|
|Board||National Board of Examination|
|Mode of exam||Offline|
|Type of question||MCQ’s, LAQ’s, SAQ’s|
|Exam conducted for||Final year degree, PG entrance for the medical, license to practice medicine.|
|Number of exam papers||2|
|Exam Day||Subjects||No. of Questions||Duration(minute)|
|Day 1||Medical Allied||120||180|
|Day 2||Surgery and Allied||120||180|
|Day 3||Obstetrics and Gynecology||120||180|
Advantages and Disadvantages of National Exit Test
The aim of introducing this exam was to reduce corruption in the field of medicine and to improve the functionality of MCI. The centre has taken steps to regulate the process of medical education across the country. The advantages and disadvantages of the National Exit Test exam are:
Advantages of the NExT exam:
- There will be an increase in the number of qualified medical graduates
As per statistics, India produces about 60K medical graduates every year, while there is a lack of skills for the students. By conducting the NExt exam the country will be able to produce qualified graduates to serve the country.
- Uniform examination
There shall be a single exit for the screening exam, licentiate, and further education throughout the states within the country.
- Reduces Paperwork for foreign graduates
The foreign graduates are supposed to attend the screening test conducted by MCI, which reduces the paperwork for foreign graduates.
- Global Recognition
Once the exam gets operational, India shall follow the same standards that of other foreign countries. This will help to compete with global services in the medical industry.
The disadvantage of the NExT exam
While this can bring development in the health centre of our country, it also has a few dis-advantage:
- Expensive fee for Coaching
As the exam is about to be implemented, the coaching centres shall charge expensive coaching fees that might be impractical to avail for the facility. It might get difficult for the students in the coming years.
- Duration of Medical Education might get extended
The graduates are asked to work for three years in rural and tribal places. However, the decision is yet to be finalized.
- Loop-holes in the proposal
The bill was proposed by NMC in the year 2019, the implementation took three years, and thereby, there may be loopholes in the functionality.
National Exit Test- Conclusion
The Bill passed by National Medical Commission 2019 is still in the stage to get its approval, it is tough to decide its implementation. There shall always be a hope that the National Exit Test (NExT) comes to function that helps to develop the country's standard. The proposal must meet the needs.
The NExT exam is drafted in such a way that it covers the syllabus of the FMGE exam and NEET-PG. The NExT exam shall test the theoretical and practical knowledge of the students. Students clearing the NExt-1 shall start with an internship program, and if one fails in the NExT-2 paper, they have to wait for another year to pass the NExT exam.